Herbarium is at the height of popularity for two centuries. In the West without them it is impossible to imagine practically no one house. From a simple botanical guidebook about plants, herbariums it has long been transformed into a luxurious hobby and a kind of needlework. Today, dried plants are often found not in special herbarium sheets, but in pictures, postcards, panels and albums. Memories, frozen in time, talk about your favorite garden plants, valuable moments and colorful bouquets. Creating dry panels is a whole art. But art is not at all complicated.
Classical herbariums are created on herbarium sheets - thick paper. But today it is changed to a variety of objects, which act as the basis for decorating dried flowers. Originating in the 16th century in Italy, herbaria for many centuries have become the main means of research and storage of data on plants, which scientists used botany. As a private hobby and one of the types of needlework, the herbariums spread much later.
Herbariums are very different. They can be represented by: • plants with all parts - from underground but aboveground, including not only flowers, but also fruits; • whole groups of different plants; • individual parts of plants (for example, leaves or flowers, petals and fruits).
For scientific purposes, complete herbariums are preserved, in "domestic" - the most attractive parts of the plant, focusing on its size and the specific characteristics of leaves and flowers.
Why do you need herbariums? Herbariums are created not only for scientific purposes and not only as "living" illustrations for plants. Of course, if you discovered a rare species and decided to help the botanical community, then the scientists would respond with gratitude not only to the photograph, but also to the dried up by all the rules even an unmounted copy on the sheet. But today the herbaria also: • help to preserve memories - to preserve the gifts given to the flowers and iconic plants; • allow you to keep a collection of your own garden plants or to save for many years the most beautiful and rare flowers, • offer excellent decorative material in the framework of eco-design; • reveal new facets of decoupage, appliqué and decoration.
How are herbariums used? • for decoration of photo albums, diaries and books for notes; • in decorative panels in combination with lace, painting, decoupage base; • in postcards and scrapbooking, etc.